So here I am, sitting in the study of the Southern Command Post, reviewing emails. And I came across one from a nice lady who is very concerned because she has knee pain, she is very heavy, given her size and worst of all, she has noises inside her joints that can actually be heard by people around her.
She was quite properly concerned because she’d like to get rid of her knee pain, and she wanted to get a copy of my newest healing program, HOW TO AVOID KNEE SURGERY (which you can get here at this link: http://drbillsclinic.com/avoid_knee_surgery.html ), but she was afraid that it was already far too late for her–that the noise in her knees meant that all the cartilage had worn away completely, and that she had a “bone-on-bone” condition. This is what we in the trade call an “end stage knee.”
When articular cartilage, that normally coats the joint surfaces, is so diseased that it has eroded away and exposed the underlying bone, the naked bony surfaces grind upon each other with a deep, hard grinding sound and sensation that, once experienced or heard, is difficult to mistake for anything else.
It really is like rubbing two big rocks together, with grinding, rubbing and at times a mechanical ratcheting sensation. And, since the bone is where all the nerves reside, it hurts like hell! And that doesn’t count the extra pain from the inflamed lining membrane (synovium) that adds its own component to the pain.
So whether it’s osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis, it’s at this end stage of disease, with exposed, bare bone, when major surgery IS truly indicated. Because at this state of the art, at this time, we cannot yet regrow new, healthy articular cartilage in a totally arthritic joint. The best we can offer is total knee replacements. And when they are indicated, they can be wonderful: pain relief, restoration of function and correction of deformity, with good to excellent results in over 95% of cases.
BUT…it’s major league surgery, with lots of risks and potential complications. So you don’t do it if you don’t HAVE to.
However, all noise from within the joint doesn’t necessarily mean that your joints are finished and you need major surgery. Other conditions can cause noise, as well. When the lining of the joint becomes inflamed and swollen, its folds become thickened and enlarged. They rub upon each other, making a finer, more delicate crunching that we call crepitus or crepitation.
If the membrane is restored to normal, the inflammation resolved, the swollen folds stop rubbing together and the noise stops. But if the condition persists for a long time, the membranous folds may become replaced with fibrous tissue (they become bands of scar tissue) and they then must be cut away surgically, to eliminate the sensation and the sound.
Then, there is degeneration of the articular cartilage surfaces, which may break apart into shredded beds of cartilage fronds, appearing like areas of “crab meat.” When these fragmented or fibrillated regions rub, one upon another, they too produce a crunching sensation, like walking in a gravel pit.
This condition is called chondromalacia (“soft cartilage” grade III) and once this point has been reached, where there is physical disruption of the cartilage surface, it can never again return to a pristine, smooth surface. I discuss this disease and the various types of arthritis in my LITTLE GREEN BOOK FOR ELIMINATING KNEE PAIN (manual and CD). Get it here at: http://drbillsclinic.com/eliminate_knee_pain.html However, even though the knee is noisy, it doesn’t mean that it will immediately go on to full end stage arthritis. The knee can stabilize in this state for a long time, sometimes pain-free (if a little noisy), if treated with the exercises I teach in my PAIN-FREE PROGRAM. See what I mean at this link: http://drbillsclinic.com/exercise_eliminate.html
The point is, this lady has nothing to lose and everything to gain by at least trying all the conservative measures that are available, to relieve knee pain. One of them, or some combination of them, may give her the knee pain relief she seeks, and buy time, until she can lose weight and make an eventual surgery safer and more likely successful.
So the next time someone, maybe you, says, “Hey, what’s that horrible crunching noise in my knee?” now you know what some of the reasons might be. And some may well be treatable by non-surgical measures, like those in HOW TO AVOID KNEE SURGERY: http://drbillsclinic.com/avoid_knee_surgery.html Noise doesn’t necessarily mean it’s the end of the line, or that a total knee is the only option.
Til next time, my friend, be well.
Yours for a pain-free tomorrow,
P.S. For DR. BILL’S LITTLE GREEN BOOK ON ELIMINATING KNEE PAIN, a concise, but complete handbook on the root causes and the various options for treating knee pain, go to http://drbillsclinic.com/eliminate_knee_pain.html
P.P.S. For DR. BILL’S PAIN-FREE PROGRAM: EXERCISES TO PREVENT OR ELIMINATE KNEE PAIN, please go to
P.P.P.S. For the giant, comprehensive ADVANCED MASTERS’ COURSE: HOW TO ELIMINATE KNEE PAIN–ONCE & FOR ALL!, everything you need to know on causes and solutions for knee pain and the complete exercise program, too, go to
FREE BONUS CD with any order: THE HEALING POWER OF POSITIVE PAIN PERCEPTION
Copyright, 2008 by William Thomas Stillwell, MD
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Tags: bone-on-bone, chondromalacia, correction of deformity, crepitation, crepitus, end stage arthritis, end stage knee, get rid of knee pain, grinding, knee pain, knee pain relief, noises in the joint, noises within the knee, osteoarthritis, pain relief, relieve knee pain, restoration of function, Rheumatoid Arthritis, risks and potential complications, total knee replacements